Friendly Eco Might

The Role Of Nanotubes In Bionic Plants

Bionic plants and their importance and the role of nanotubes in the process of photosyntheseis in plant chloroplast. Check what new research says about Nanotubes.

Global Warming Adaptation - Its Effects On Humans

Adaptation to global warming may be planned. The ability to adapt links to socio-economic development. What could be the effects if we adapt or don't adapt to Global Warming? Check out what is in it.

World Water Day Special: Shocking 5 Facts On Water Scarcity

Water scarcity isn't high on the lists of things we think about. Want to know what are the 5 shocking facts about water scarcity? Check it out here

Wind Energy Lead Over Nuclear Energy In China - Conservation

Good news is that wind power is leading over nuclear in China. But still, wind energy gives as low as 3% of China's power. Know why?

Which Is Eco-Friendly, An Electric Stove Or A Gas?

Want to cook food in kitchen? Which is Eco-Friendly, an electric stove or a gas? Check here for more.

Thursday, 31 December 2015

6 Salient Economic Importance Of Bryophytes


Bryophytes are species which belong to the plant kingdom and are popularly known as 'Amphibians' of the Plant Kingdom. Nevertheless, their popularity and usefulness doesn't end here, rather it begins from here!

Bryophytes are of great ecological importance (which is deliberately needed in this black environment).

What is special about the Bryophytes?

1. These bryophytes do astonishing things which probably other species can't do, like Mosses and lichens are the first organisms to colonize rocks. They colonize parched rocks and exposed areas of hills, making them peachy for growing angiospermic and many more plants by depositing a rich humus soil and plant debris. Ultimately, this leads in establishment of shrubs and trees and hence the whole area gets converted into dense wood.

2. Mosses act as inspector of soil erosion. They form dense mats on the soil, reduce the speed of falling raindrops and avoids soil erosion. The most interesting fact is, they form quacking bogs. These bogs are later turned into swamps and finally they are taken over by the forest grown of mesophytic type.

3. Mosses also provide food for herbaceous mammals, birds and other animals. They decompose rocks and make the substrate suitable for the growth of higher plants. Apart from this, dried mosses are put to use as packing material. These mosses make a pretty good material in the case of glass-ware and other fragile goods and hence are used in trans-shipment of living material.

4. Bryophytes are amazingly used in seed beds. As the peat mosses (synonymous to species of Sphagnum) have incredible power to absorb and hold water as sponge does, they are largely utilized in seed beds and green house for root cutting. These also minimizes high soil acidity that is vital for certain plants.

5. They are used as a source of fuel. The dried peat, potential source of coal, is used as fuel in Ireland, Scotland and many other European countries. In colder places, the lower region of peat becomes carbonized. As years pass on, this is available in the form of coal (invest now get the fruits later).

6. Bryophytes have extended their hands even in medical field. The sphagnum plants are slightly anti-septic and possess superior absorption power. With these properties, bryophytes can be used in hospitals for filling absorbent bandages instead of cotton.

The list goes endless, but now we are sure that next time you think about Bryophytes you will surely remember the uses of theirs too!

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Monday, 21 December 2015

Researchers find worms that can safely feed on plastic in your garbage

Mealworms Styrofoam

Garbage is a major issue. Indeed, a lot of us are doing our part to assist with recycling, the quantity of non-recyclable and plastics in the US approaches 30 million tons yearly.

Presently, analysts have discovered proof that bacteria in an animal's gut can biodegrade plastic and conceivably decrease the impact of plastic in landfill or any other place. The animal being referred to? The humble mealworm – which is not that humble after all. We had also discussed about worms used in Vermicomposting, where worms play a vital role.

Scientists from Stanford University in US and Beihang University in China discovered that the mealworm, the larval type of the darkling beetle, has the ability to subsist on Styrofoam and sorts of polystyrene, with the bacteria in the worm's gut biodegrading the plastic as a major aspect of its digestive process. The discoveries are noteworthy because it was already imagined that these substances were non-biodegradable, i.e., they ended up in the landfills (or more regrettable, our seas, where they'd collect for years).
Wei-Min Wu, a researcher in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Stanford said that, "Our discoveries have opened another way to solve the worldwide plastic pollution issue".

In the study, 100 mealworms ate somewhere around 34 and 39 milligrams of Styrofoam every day, converting about half to
CO2 and the other excreting the rest as biodegraded droppings. They stayed healthy on the plastic eating regimen, and their droppings had all the earmarks of being safe for use as soil for yields.

The mealworms' ability to handle our waste product won't seem like much, but rather advance research could help us design more intense enzymes for plastic degradation, which includes processing different sorts of plastics, including polypropylene, microbeads, and bioplastics.

Scientists are hoping to discover whether a marine creature like the mealworm might exist, as a huge amounts of plastic in the earth's oceans are ongoing ecological concern.

These reports can be found in the Environmental Science and Technology.

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Sunday, 20 December 2015

Carbon Farming: The New Low-Tech Climate Solution

Carbon Farming

Securing forests is a low-tech approach to store carbon that has a lot of attention in efforts to combat global warming. Presently, another method for sequestering carbon is beginning to catch the attention of policy makers: carbon farming.

As moderators in Paris keep on working towards an international agreement to combat heartbreaking levels of climate change, numerous side events and agreements are likewise happening. One among those agreements is the Lima-Paris Action Agenda, which was signed by various nations, NGOs and organizations, and is intending to give functional rules to climate solutions. The solutions touch on various areas, from finance to building to woodlands.

One among those climate solutions is the plan to push carbon farming, a sort of agricultural production that increases soil carbon. Supporters of organic agriculture have called this kind of farming long back, in some cases called No Till farming, however this is the first time soil carbon has been formally incorporated into a global arrangement to fight climate change.

Advantages of Carbon Farming

Most current farming utilizes tilling to remove weeds and make it easier to plant, however this procedure likewise releases carbon from soil into the air as carbon dioxide (CO2). The advantages of carbon farming are two-fold. To start with, it reverses the process of releasing carbon, and rather hauls carbon out of the air. Second, it can enhance the soil without inorganic fertilizers and prompts better crop production.

Rattan Lal, a soil science professor and originator of the Carbon Management and Sequestration Center at Ohio State University, said that soil carbon is key to soil biodiversity and nutrient storage, and soil with more carbon is better at holding water.

Lima-Paris Action Agenda is requesting NGOs and governments to help advance soil farming as a feature of sustainable agriculture programs. It's known as the '4/1000 Initiative', as indicated by the agreement's authors, a 0.004% increase in the world's aggregate carbon stock "would make it conceivable to stop the present increment in atmospheric
CO2". The authors recognize this isn't a sensible objective, yet say they need to highlight how much of a difference even a little increment in soil carbon could roll out to climate change.

Soil carbon might appear like a really theoretical idea, it's something that even home gardeners can help increase.

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Tuesday, 4 August 2015

President Obama Takes Good Step To Combat Climate Change


President Barack Obama divulged the last form of his plan to significantly cut emissions from U.S. Power plants, as he cautioned again that climate change will debilitate future eras if left unchecked.

Touting the arrangement at a White House meet on Monday, 3rd August 2015, Mr. Obama said the exceptional carbon dioxide cutoff limits are "the absolute most essential step" America has ever taken to combat climate change. He cautioned that in light of the fact that the issue is so vast, if the world doesn't hit the nail on the head rapidly, it may get to be difficult to reverse, not allowing people to adjust to those conditions.

"There is such a thing as being late regarding the matter of climate change," Mr. Obama said.
The last version of Mr. Obama's plan forces stricter carbon dioxide limits on states than was beforehand expected - a 32% cut by 2030, compared to 2005 levels, the White House said. Mr. Obama's proposed version in 2014 called just for a 30% cut.

It likewise gives States an extra two years until 2022 to go along, respecting dissentions that the deadline date was too early. States will likewise have an extra year to present their implementation plans to Washington.

Mr. Obama was joined in the East Room by Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Gina McCarthy and by parents of asthma patients. The Obama organization has tried to draw an association between climate change and respiratory sickness in vulnerable populaces.

Opponents declared promptly that they will sue the government, and will request that the courts put the rule on standby while their legal difficulties play out. Numerous Republican Governors have said their states essentially won't consent.

The Obama organization assessed emission limits will cost $8.4 billion every year by 2030. The real cost won't be clear until states choose how they'll achieve their objectives. Yet, energy industry advocates said the amendment makes Obama's order considerably more troublesome, expensive and hard to accomplish.


The Author

Somanath Yadavalli is 18 year old guy, who is pursuing his B.Tech (Electronics and Communication) in National Institute of Engineering, Mysore, Karnataka, India. He is managing several blogs from his own living room. His passion is to do something for his planet. Read more...

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